Dead Zone That Affects The Gulf of Mexico To Increase In Size This Summer

The extended amount of May showers may lead to dangerous consequences for the Gulf of Mexico according to reports. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration have released the latest annual Gulf forecast for the summer dead zone.

This dead zone is an area where the water features a low amount of oxygen due to a large amount of overgrown phytoplankton. When the blooms start to die near the coast, bacteria created by their corpses will create. The phenomenon will is quite dangerous since it can kill valuable marine life like shrimp, mollusks, and fish.

It is anticipated that the dead zone will spread across approximately 7,800 square miles, almost on par with the size of the state of New Jersey, which is quite ominous. It would make it the second largest dead zone observed in almost three and a half decades but the official measurements started in 1985.

The dead zone of the Gulf of Mexico to get larger this summer, according to NOAA

The dead zone will be up to 50% larger in comparison to the average values observed in the last five years. The problem is exacerbated by a variety of problems. May 2019 has been the wettest month in U.S. history. A large number of storms, among which we can count more than 500 tornadoes in a month hit the Midwest and South areas, leading to major floods across the farmland.

The water which went through the farmlands carried some of the chemicals found in the fertilizers used by American farmers and animal waste, and the additional nutriments boost the growth rate of microorganisms.

To create the forecast of the hypoxic zone-the scientific name for a dead zone- NOA uses a compilation of data provided by five universities, with four being American and one Canadian. The models are quite accurate and can anticipate most variations without problems. The dead zone may hit major fishing areas, which means that fishing ships will have to travel across a larger area to obtain the same quantity of fish, a factor which may lead to higher prices.

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About the Author: Emmy Skylar

Emmy Skylar started working for Debate Report in 2017. Emmy grew up in a small town in northern Manitoba. But moved to Ontario for university. Before joining Debate Report, Emmy briefly worked as a freelance journalist for CBC News.  She covers politics and the economy.

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