A little while ago, a discovery shook everything we knew about ancient human migrations and the ancestors of modern humans. The entire ancient history of Europe might be rewritten. In the 1970s, the remnants of two skulls were found in a cave in Greece. The two skulls belonged to two Homo sapiens, one of them an ancient human subspecies, Homo sapiens neanderthalensis, and the other to a Homo sapiens.
Both skulls received names, Apidima 1 and Apidima 2. Apidima 1 was the Homo sapiens that, as was determined by the fossil analysis and 3D reconstruction, had lived in the area it was discovered almost 210,000 years ago. It is 150,000 years older than both all the Homo sapiens fossils found until now in Europe and outside Africa. Apidima 2, the Neanderthal, was 40,000 younger than the other Homo sapiens.
The discovery of these two skulls might change the way we depicted the ancient events of human migration towards Europe. But this discovery was not acknowledged by everyone. What’s more, it ignited disputes not only amongst paleontologists but also political ones.
Ancient Human Remains Could Rewrite The Ancient History Of Europe
Who would have thought? Or maybe it doesn’t come as a surprise regarding the theories that circulated until the middle of the 20th century. Some scientists used paleontology as a way to authenticate the superiority of the Caucasian race. The findings of the ancient human skulls, and the theories that came after, more specifically the “out of Africa” migration theories, prove these scientists wrong.
The “out of Africa” theory serves as a model to the initial migration of anatomically modern humans, namely the Homo Sapiens. That means that anatomically modern humans are believed to evolve in the Horn of Africa 300,000 to 200,000 years ago and then migrated out of Africa towards Europe and East Asia.
The 3D computer reconstruction of a skeleton discovered in Somerset, England, showed that the 100,000 Homo sapiens was dark-skinned with blue eyes. This discovery has many implications as it is implied that the ancestors of the British people were dark-skinned.
Emmy Skylar started working for Debate Report in 2017. Emmy grew up in a small town in northern Manitoba. But moved to Ontario for university. Before joining Debate Report, Emmy briefly worked as a freelance journalist for CBC News. She covers politics and the economy.