Ebola Outbreak In Congo Declared An ‘International Health Emergency’ By The WHO

The Democratic Republic of the Congo, a country characterized by political and economic instability, is now facing a significant threat: an Ebola outbreak. To date, the Ebola outbreak caused almost 3,000 deaths in Congo. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared an international health emergency nearly a year since it was first confirmed.

The WHO Director-General affirmed that it was time for the entire world to act against the outbreak in the conditions in which the first confirmed case appeared in Goma, a city with almost 2 million citizens and which is a bridge between the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the rest of the world.

Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a viral hemorrhagic fever of humans and other primates caused by ebolaviruses. The usual onset of the disease is between 2 and 21 days after the exposure manifests itself by fever, sore throat, muscular pain, migraines, diarrhea, vomiting, internal and external bleeding, which ultimately leads to death.

The WHO Declared The Ebola Outbreak In Congo As An ‘International Health Emergency’

The EVD has an increased risk of death, killing around 25 to 90% of the people that had been infected. The average of deaths is approximately 50% in the next 6 to 16 days after the symptoms manifest themselves. A person could become infected if he or she came into direct contact with body fluids of people that are already infected with the disease. There is no case documented of the condition being transmitted by air.

The Kivu Ebola outbreak started on August 1st when four cases of Ebola were confirmed in Kivu, a city in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Since then, the disease spread to Uganda; a little boy carried the virus into Uganda from Congo when he crossed the border with his family.

The areas where the disease is present is undergoing a military conflict; thus, the WHO and other health organizations are being slowed down in preventing and treating the disease. The WHO even expressed its concern regarding aggravating. Even more, the disease as 42 attacks have been documented against health facilities, and 85 health professionals had been injured or murdered. This is the second most severe Ebola outbreak in history, after the 2013-2016 West African Ebola outbreak which killed over 11,000 people.

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About the Author: Emmy Skylar

Emmy Skylar started working for Debate Report in 2017. Emmy grew up in a small town in northern Manitoba. But moved to Ontario for university. Before joining Debate Report, Emmy briefly worked as a freelance journalist for CBC News.  She covers politics and the economy.

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